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Psychoanalysis: Brief Handbook

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In society, I have often listened to people who talk about their ‘would-be’ psychoanalytic experiences with dissatisfaction. When they are asked the length of time of their analytic therapy, we often hear them answer “once a week”, sometimes “twice a week”.
Moreover, delving a little further into the argument, many people refer that the setting practiced utilised the ‘face to face’ method: the would-be psychoanalyst and psychoanalysed positioned one in front of the other, as in a social conversation.
Before, I used to abstain from any kind of comment, then it came to me that I am a Doctor and that if a person I know told me that he is assuming a pharmacological therapy with an inadequate dosage, which implies the certain ineffectiveness of the treatment, I would feel obliged to warn him.
Nowadays, I tell them that I have some bad news and some good news to give them: the bad news is that they have wasted time, money and energy, the good news is that the psychoanalysis exists, in two varieties, classic and intensive, both very efficient. The modern narcissistic fashion of ‘Everything and Now’, which evidently ignores the popular Italian motto ‘He who tries too grab too much will end up with nothing’, has deceived, with the guilty complicity of ignorant journalists and improbable psychotherapists, legions of people who were looking for qualified help to mitigate their sufferance.
I would like to reassert some very simple concepts which I repute to be indispensable for qualifying a therapy as psychoanalytic:

– the minimum frequency for a psychoanalytic treatment is based on the performance of at least four sessions a week in the case of the classical psychoanalysis and three sessions a week in the case of the intensive psychoanalysis 1 (there will always be, however, the problem of the weekend break, the so-called ‘Monday encrustation’)
the best frequency remains the daily meeting, even better if done for more consecutive hours (which becomes necessary in borderline cases or in narcissistic or character neurosis).
As a guideline the more the analytic work is constant and prolonged, the more the analytic elaboration will be physiological and productive: I believe that this is an evidence that simple common sense imposes.

– the face to face method is absolutely incompatible with the study of the unconscious: good, interesting and gratifying conversations can be made which will end up fortifying the defence mechanisms of the patient and therefore his resistances but this experience will have nothing to do with psychoanalysis.
The psychoanalyst, in the classic analysis, remains outside the patient’s view, in micropsychoanalysis he remains slightly to one side. In both cases the aim of this position is to facilitate the patient’s essential task: the production of free verbal associations.

– in relation to this it is obvious that the guaranty of absolute respect of the professional confidentiality is vital throughout the whole analytical work (and obviously forever) and must never lack in any social circumstance.

– the session must be held in a tranquil and intimate surrounding: the psychoanalyst should not answer the phone or have any other form of external contact, if not for absolute necessity.

– the social interaction between psychoanalyst and analysed is not advised, with the exception of severe cases (borderline, narcissistic neurosis, autism) in which a mothering method is necessary. The social interaction, even though it should not represent a taboo (the psychoanalysts who casually meeting their patients outside the setting do not even greet them come close to ridiculous) should not be encouraged as it will render more and more difficult, if not impossible, the analysis and the necessary resolution of the transference neurosis, a pre-requisition for the end-analysis dynamic.

These are simple reference points, often disregarded, which seems right to me to let the readers of “Science and Psychoanalysis” know about.
To all those who could be interested in having a panorama of the psychoanalytic and micropsychoanalytic praxis I suggest reading the article by Prof. N. Peluffo “The Continuous Micropsychoanalysis. The Focal Treatment and the Micropsychotherapy: Practical Notions” appearing in this Review.

© Quirino Zangrilli

Translated by Linda De Nardo

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Notizie sull'Autore

Zangrilli Quirino

Il Dott. Quirino Zangrilli nasce a Fiuggi nel 1955. Laureato con Lode in Medicina e Chirurgia nel 1980, pratica la Psicoanalisi, con modalità intensiva, dal 1982. E' autore di 61 tra libri e pubblicazioni scientifiche.
Ha partecipato in qualità di relatore o di presidente di sessione a numerosi Convegni scientifici nazionali ed internazionali.
Il suo libro "La vita: involucro vuoto", pubblicato da Borla nel 1993, è in adozione dal 1994 presso la Cattedra di Psicologia Dinamica dell'Università di Torino.
Nel 1994 gli viene assegnato il "Premio Nazionale Ciociaria per la Medicina".
E' l'ideatore e fondatore della rivista multimediale "Psicoanalisi e Scienza", la più seguita rivista di psicoanalisi on line al mondo in lingua italiana (Fonte: Entireweb, Alexa, Google, Virgilio, Arianna., etc.).
Nell'anno 2001 completa la sua formazione in Omeopatia.
E' membro della Società Italiana di Omeopatia e Medicina Integrata.
Nel 2012 partecipa come Relatore alla Rassegna Scientifica di BergamoScienza.
Nel 2013 espone i suoi studi sull'nterazione materno-fetale nella Sessione Speciale dell' XI Congresso Mondiale di Medicina Perinatale a Mosca con la relazione "Intrauterine Imprinting"


EnglishDoctor Quirino Zangrilli was born in Fiuggi in 1955. Graduated with honours in Medicine and Surgery in 1980, he practices Psychoanalysis, with intensive method, since 1982.
He is author of 61 scientific pubblications.
He has attended as speaker or president of session to many national and international scientific Conventions.
His book "La vita:involucro vuoto" (Life: empty involucre), published by Borla in 1993, has been in use by the Chair of Dynamic Psychology at Turin's University since 1994.
He is the author and founder of the multimedia review "Psicoanalisi e Scienza" (Psychoanalysis and Science), the most read Italian on line review of psychoanalysis.
He is member of the "Società Italiana di Omeopatia e Medicina Integrata" (Italian Society of Homeopathy and Integrated Medicine).
In 2012 he participated as a Speaker at the Scientific Festival of BergamoScienza.
In 2013 he illustrated his research on the maternal-fetal interaction in the Special Session of the XI World Congress of Perinatal Medicine in Moscow with his relation "Intrauterine Imprinting"


FrançaisLe Docteur Quirino Zangrilli naît à Fiuggi en 1955. Lauréat avec les félicitations du Jury en Médecine et chirurgie en 1980, il exerce la Psychanalyse d'une façon intensive à partir de 1982.
Il est auteur de 61 publications scientifiques. Il a participé en qualité de Rapporteur ou de président de sessions à de nombreux Congrès scientifiques, nationaux et internationaux.
on livre « La vie : enveloppe vide » publié par la Maison d'Edition Borla en 1993 a été « adopté » en 1994 par la Chaire de Psychologie dynamique de l'Université de Turin.
En 1994 il reçut le « Prix National Ciociaria pour la Médecine ».
Il est le créateur et fondateur de la revue multimedia «Psychanalyse et Science » la plus populaire parmi les revues de psychanalyse « on line » au monde en langue italienne (Source : Alexa, Google, Virgilio, Arianna., etc.).
Au cours de l'année 2001, il a complété sa formation en Homéopathie. Il est membre de la Société Italienne d'Homéopathie et de Médecine intégrée.


Il Sito web dell'Autore

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direttore@psicoanalisi.it





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